Composites/Plastics: Most Popular Articles
What is polypropylene? The versatile plastic polypropylene is used throughout our daily life, and has become a common piece for packaging and plastic products.
Thermoset vs thermoplastic composites, what is the difference? Both have advantages and there is demand for both thermoplastic and thermoset composites.
Carbon fiber is a lightweight fiber used in advanced composites. Learn about what makes this material so unique and important.
Epoxy resins are advanced thermosetting resins used in FRP composites. Learn the basics of this resin, the chemistry, and the uses of epoxy.
When two materials are combined to make a stronger material, a composite is made. Learn what makes composite materials unique, strong, and lightweight.
What is a polymer. Discover the basics of polymers and what makes them so useful See examples of polymers and their common uses.
There are numerous examples of composites, many of which can be seen around the house. Learn about what every day products are manufactured with FRP composites.
The composite surfboard combines advanced materials to make the ultimate board. Learn about the key materials of a composite surfboard, and the future of board design.
Carbon fiber has properties that make it desirable in many applications. Learn about what products have adopted this lightweight and durable material.
Carbon fiber is used because of it's high strength and light weight properties. Learn which industries have adopted this unique material.
PVC plastics are the third most commonly used types of plastic polymers used. Learn about the properties of PVC polyvinyl chloride plastics.
Fiberglass is a strong and lightweight reinforcement used in composites. Learn about the history of fiberglass and how it is manufactured.
Carbon fiber, perhaps the most useful material of out time, is manufactured through precise processes. Lear how carbon fiber is made.
Both resins have distinct advantages over the other. Find out the differences between vinyl ester and polyester resins.
Discover how to carbon fiber, the guide for learning the various aspects of carbon fiber composites and how to work with the lightweight composite material know as carbon fiber.
What is the history of composite materials? Find out when the first composite was used, and how composites have changed through the years.
The uses and importance of plastic materials in our everyday lives is incredible. Most of use touch a form of plastic at any given time, on any given day.
We touch plastic polymers all day long, but chances are you are touching one of these five most common plastics.
Prepregs are pre-impregnated fiber reinforcements or cloths that are used to manufacture composites. Learn the basics of prepregs here.
Fiberglass reinforced polymers are the original composite materials. They remain the back-bone of the composites industry. Learn about glass fiber and what products are made with this composite.
The extent to which the sensitivity of a material to fracture is increased by the presence of a surface inhomogeneity such as a notch, a sudden change in section, a crack, or a scratch.
A brief description and definition of composite materials.
Polypropylene is a versatile plastic used in many places in our life. Learn about this plastic and the myriad of uses.
Plastic recycling can reduce the consumption of other natural resources like timber, due to its use in making composite lumber and many other products.
What are PET plastics? Learn about the plastic used in water and soda bottles, and how PET plastic is recycled.
Introduction to Kevlar fibers and their properties.
Learn about the various companies around the world that manufacture raw carbon fiber used in lightweight composite products.
Polyester and vinyl ester resins are the two most common resins used in FRP composites. Learn why these resins work so well.
Not all plastics are equal, especial when used in children's toys. Learn about the uses of the various plastics and chemicals in toys.
Neil Armstrong announced the 20 top engineering achievements of the 20th Century at a National Academvy of Engineering NAE meeting
Carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP composites) are lightweight yet strong materials. Learn what make these space age materials so useful and desirable.
Basic techniques for vacuum bagging laminates, from your About.com Guide
Learn about the plastics we used day in and day out. What are the most common types of plastics we use.
Recycling of composite materials is a new and growing segment of the composites industry, which is needed for and end of life solution.
Aramid fiber is one of the most useful fibers used in textiles and fiber reinforced composites. The properties of aramid fibers are amazing.
FRP composites have unique mechanical properties which provide benefits. Learn about the properties of fiber reinforced polymers.
The material of choice for aerospace is carbon fiber. Learn about the composites that are dominating the future of aerospace.
Compression molding is an extremely efficient method of mass producing plastic and composite products. Learn more about compression molding.
Learn about carbon fiber cloth. Discover the terms used in carbon fiber manufacturing such as, 3k plain weave carbon, and 282 carbon fiber.
Abbreviation for parts per hundred parts of resin.
As the trend for larger wind turbine blades continues, new materials and manufacturing technology will be required to meet this demand.
Learn about the features and benefits of composite material.
Polyethylene Terephthalate, better known as PET, is perhaps the most common and widely used plastic today. Learn about this durable plastic known as PET.
Composite materials and carbon fiber make the Dreamliner the most advanced passenger plane to date.
The volume of fiber in a cured composite.: glass fiber composites hydrogen peroxide chemical digestion volume fraction fiber volume
High temperature thermoplastics are gaining popularity due to their increase toughness and durability.
How to paint composites and fiberglass. Learn the steps in prepping and finishing a composite material with paint.
Teflon, a Trademark of DuPont, is a PTFE plastic polymer with many uses. Although it is used in composites, Teflon is most commonly known for cooking pans.
PBT plastics are a versatile engineered plastic polymer with uses in a wide variety of application and industries. Learn more about PBT plastics.
Injection molding is one of the most low cost manufacturing methods of plastic. Understand the other benefits and history of injection molding.
A chemical substance capable of reacting with both the reinforcement and the resin matrix of a composite material.
Carbon fiber, the lightweight and strong material used in composites. Page 2.
A polymer in which the molecules form long chains without branches or cross-linked structures.
Definition of terms used to describe engineering fabrics.
Composite materials are commonly used because their properties create significant advantages in the products that are manufactured from them.
Expanded polystyrene, commonly known as EPS, is a lightweight foam with extremely good mechinical
The new 787 Dreamliner will be the most advanced commercial airplane ever, and it is composite materials that make it possible. Learn why.
Some form of composites have been used in boats since man first ventured into the sea. But modern FRP composite materials in boats is still relatively new.
Filament winding is a unique composite manufacturing process. Learn about the filament winding process, common products made, and the key advantages.
Plastics are everywhere, but what are plastics? Learn the basics of this polymer material that has taken over our life.
The rate at which heat is transferred by conduction through a unit cross-sectional area of material when a temperature gradient exists perpendicular to the area.
Open molding is a low cost and effective way to manufacture composites. Learn about the two most common methods of open molding, hand lay-up and spray-up.
At a certain temperature, FRP composites will soften and lose their structure. This point is called the Glass Transition Temperature, or Tg.
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Carbon fiber is an amazing material. Learn the history of carbon fiber, and understand why this composite material is stronger then steel.
Carbon fiber tubes are extremely strong and stiff, yet very lightweight. Discover how they are manufactured and their applications.
If one wants to be the best in sports, then chances are they need to use carbon fiber. Be it in the sole of running shoes or used in the shaft of an arrow, carbon fiber dominates the sporting goods world.
The ability of a material to resist the action of a high voltage electrical arc, usually stated in terms of the time required to render the material electrically conductive.
: FRP (fiber reinforced polymer) is an acronym commonly used in the composite industry and it referees
Material properties of T300/5208 carbon epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
A frequency-dependent viscosity function determined during forced harmonic oscillation of shear stress.
Laminating resins are the foundation of composite material manufacturing. Learn about the various components that make laminating resins unique.
Polyurethane foam is widely used as a core material in composites, but it is also used in a wide range of other applications due to the versatile properties.
Closed mold manufacturing, for more efficient composite manufacturing. Learn the three common types of closed molding, and their advantages.
Using resin infusion to manufacture composites is not difficult. Learn about the basic components that will be needed to convert to the vacuum infusion process.
Gel coat application is a science. Learn the proper methods to apply gel coat in composite manufacturing.
These equations are useful for the prediction of the ply properties of composite materials.
Carbon nanotube have promise for breakthrough applications. But, what are carbon nanotubes, or CNTs for short?
Material properties of AS4/3501-6 carbon epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
Blow molding is a process used in making hollow plastic parts. There are three main types of blow molding: injection, stretch and extrusion.
Suggest a new word for the Composite Materials Glossary, or report an error in an existing definition.
The change in length per unit length resulting from a one degree rise in temperature, expressed in degrees.
A structure with extra internal load paths or external supports in excess of the minimum required for stability.
The pultrusion process is a method of manufacturing low cost fiber reinforced composites. Learn about pultrusion and the benefits.
A method of determining the tensile strength of concrete using a cylinder which splits across the vertical diameter.
Fiber Reinforced Polymer(FRP Composites) is an extremely useful material used in a wide range of industries and applications. Learn which industries are using FRP composites
Corrugated plastic is an inexpensive building that is incredibly useful. Learn more about corrugated plastic.
How fiberglass insulation works, from your About.com Guide
Weight (mass) per unit area of a single ply of dry reinforcement fabric.
FRP composites receive their strength from the reinforcement. These reinforcements can vary by material (carbon fiber / fiberglass) or vary by style (woven / stitched).
Smooth metal plates, free of surface defects and of the same size and shape as a composite lay-up, used in contact with the lay-up during the curing process to transmit normal pressure and provide a smooth surface on the finished laminate.
Carbon fiber composites are the material of choice for hockey. Learn why this sport is turning to advanced composite materials.
A chemical reaction in which simple molecules (monomers) are added to each other to form long-chain molecules (polymers) without by-products.
Converting composite fabric weights to the same unit of measurement is important when comparing two materials. Learn the conversion of grams per square meter to ounces per square yard.
Section 1.2 of MIL-HDBK-23A, basic design principles of structural sandwich composites..
Learn how plastic polymers can be reused and transformed into new products.
(1) The amount of water absorbed by a composite material when immersed in water for a stipulated period of time.
Vacuum forming is an excellent method of manufacturing and molding plastic. Chances are you use something that is vacuum formed daily.
The quantity of heat necessary to produce a unit change of temperature in a unit mass of a substance.
Composite materials are saving lives and assets around the world, every day. The lightweight and strong properties of composites make them an ideal fit for armor applications.
Aramid fibers are a lightweight high strength reinforcement used in fiber reinforced composite applications. Learn more about aramid fibers here.
Now we have everything we need to relate applied moments and forces to strains and curvatures %Generate
How to sand composites. Learn the correct methods and what the proper materials are to be used when sanding composites.
A number which expresses the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
The greatest stress which a material is capable of sustaining without deviation from proportionality of stress and strain (Hooke's Law) or the point on the stress-strain curve at which stress ceases to be proportional to strain.
There are many different prepreg types to select from. Decide what type of resin and fiber to use in your prepreg composite.
Composites make UAVs possible. Learn what lightweight composite materials are used in Unmanned Areal Vehicles.
The vectorial sum of the dielectric constant and the loss factor in unity dimensions analagous to complex shear modulus and to complex Young's modulus.
Index of material properties for carbon and graphite composite materials.
Composite materials continue to revolutionize military applications as their properties make for better equipment and armor.
Fire resistant polymers are used to keep us safe in transportation and buildings.
Pultrusion is the manufacturing method of choice of a number of industries. Understand why pultruded parts dominate various products.
Database of composite material properties.: composite materials properties material properties database carbon graphite database material content database
Developed for defense applications, carbon fiber composites are being used in a wide range of applications.
(1) A measure of the degree of stretching during the orientation of a fiber or filament, expressed as the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the undrawn material to that of the drawn material.
Polyester gel coats are composed of materials which allow for the manufacturing of high quality composite products. Learn what materials are used in gel coats, and why.
The carbon fiber weave is great looking, and provides value and appeal. But, not all carbon fiber is the real thing.
Composite decks are mainstream, and for good reason. Learn about the basics of composites decking.
The hardness of an FRP composite is an important characteristic of the laminate, measured by a device called an Impressor.
Fiberglass is the material of choice in bathtubs and spas, and for good reason.
Introduction to the Composite Materials Glossary.
The plastic extrusion process creates products that we use daily. Learn more about extrusion of plastics.
The ratio of compressive deformation per unit length along the longitudinal axis.
As applied to a beam or slab, it is the distance of the centroid of the reinforcement from the compression face of the concrete.
Thermoplastic resin reinforced with fiber are on the rise as high performance applications require unique the properties of thermoplastics.
Prepregs are used in composite manufacturing that requires precision, engineered accuracy, and cosmetic perfection.
There are several types of hybrid composites characterized as: (1) interply or tow-by-tow, in which tows of the two or more constituent types of fiber are mixed in a regular or random manner; (2) sandwich hybrids, also known as core-shell, in which one material is sandwiched between two layers of another; (3) interply or laminated, where alternate layers of the two (or more) materials are stacked in a regular manner; (4) intimately mixed hybrids, where the constituent fibers are made to mix as randomly as possible so that no over-concentration of any one type is present in the material; (5) other kinds, such as those reinforced with ribs, pultruded wires, thin veils of fiber or combinations of the above.
Unclean, impure, or contaminated air.: pollution air air pollution contamination decay corruption
Carbon fiber is an extremely strong yet very lightweight reinforcing fiber used in composite products. It is often used in high-end sporting goods, aerospace, and military applications.
Core materials are used in composites to provide strength and stiffness without adding much additional weight. Learn about the most common composite core materials.
The three books every composites engineer needs.: library reference books asm intl new composites asm international undergraduate textbook
In manufacturing composites, raw material price increases are a common part. Learn what effects the price of resin and reinforcement.
Goodyear Patents Devulcanizing Process, from your About.com Guide
The compacting or squeezing out of air and volatiles between plies or prepreg laminates under moderate heat and vacuum to insure seating on the tool, to prevent wrinkles, and to promote adhesion.
Wet-out is a commonly used term to describe the resin impregnating a fiber reinforcement. Learn more about wet-out here.
Discover how composites are used in various industries, and how to become a part of the lightweight material movement. Learn about investing, starting, or running a composites company.
Two fluids in contact exhibit phenomena, due to molecular attractions, which appear to arise from a tension in the surface of separation.
An overview of the environmental, health and safety (ES&H) issues associated with composites and plastics.
Learn about the software used in composites, when designing products or creating a visual prototype on a computer.
An open mold process in which components or successive plies of reinforcing material or resin-impregnated reinforcements are applied to the mold, and the composite is built up and worked by hand.
A polymer whose monomer units are oriented alternately dextro and levo or a polymer structure in which monomer units attached to the polymer backbone alternate in a-b-a-b fashion on one side of the backbone and, if present on the other side, are arranged in a b-a-b-a fashion.
Elongation or shortening per unit length, caused by tensile or compressive stresses respectively.
Fiber reinforced concrete is used day in and out, it is even used on the stucco on our walls. Learn why concrete is being reinforced with composite materials.
In differential thermal analysis, threshold temperature is that part of the curve where the slope changes in the direction indicating an exchange of heat in the sample.
The line joining the centroid of each cross section along the length of an axial member such as truss diagonal.
(1) The ratio of the thickness of uncured, prepreg materials to their thickness when fully cured.
Structural fibers like carbon fiber are manufactured into cloths and fabrics that are then used in composite manufacturing.
A type of fluid movement in which all particles of the fluid, flow in a straight line parallel to the axis of a containing pipe or channel with little or no mixing or turbidity.
The ratio of the power loss in a dielectric material to the total power transmitted through the dielectric, the imperfection of the dielectric.
Notes for the composite materials properties database.