Composites/Plastics: Most Popular Articles
What is polypropylene? The versatile plastic polypropylene is used throughout our daily life, and has become a common piece for packaging and plastic products.
Thermoset vs thermoplastic composites, what is the difference? Both have advantages and there is demand for both thermoplastic and thermoset composites.
When two materials are combined to make a stronger material, a composite is made. Learn what makes composite materials unique, strong, and lightweight.
What is a polymer. Discover the basics of polymers and what makes them so useful See examples of polymers and their common uses.
Epoxy resins are advanced thermosetting resins used in FRP composites. Learn the basics of this resin, the chemistry, and the uses of epoxy.
Neil Armstrong announced the 20 top engineering achievements of the 20th Century at a National Academvy of Engineering NAE meeting
Introduction to Kevlar fibers and their properties.
Carbon fiber is a lightweight fiber used in advanced composites. Learn about what makes this material so unique and important.
Fiberglass is a strong and lightweight reinforcement used in composites. Learn about the history of fiberglass and how it is manufactured.
Both resins have distinct advantages over the other. Find out the differences between vinyl ester and polyester resins.
The composite surfboard combines advanced materials to make the ultimate board. Learn about the key materials of a composite surfboard, and the future of board design.
Polyester and vinyl ester resins are the two most common resins used in FRP composites. Learn why these resins work so well.
Discover how to carbon fiber, the guide for learning the various aspects of carbon fiber composites and how to work with the lightweight composite material know as carbon fiber.
Plastic recycling can reduce the consumption of other natural resources like timber, due to its use in making composite lumber and many other products.
Learn about the various companies around the world that manufacture raw carbon fiber used in lightweight composite products.
We touch plastic polymers all day long, but chances are you are touching one of these five most common plastics.
Carbon fiber, perhaps the most useful material of out time, is manufactured through precise processes. Lear how carbon fiber is made.
What is the history of composite materials? Find out when the first composite was used, and how composites have changed through the years.
A brief description and definition of composite materials.
Carbon fiber is used because of it's high strength and light weight properties. Learn which industries have adopted this unique material.
What are PET plastics? Learn about the plastic used in water and soda bottles, and how PET plastic is recycled.
Carbon fiber has properties that make it desirable in many applications. Learn about what products have adopted this lightweight and durable material.
How to paint composites and fiberglass. Learn the steps in prepping and finishing a composite material with paint.
There are numerous examples of composites, many of which can be seen around the house. Learn about what every day products are manufactured with FRP composites.
The volume of fiber in a cured composite.: glass fiber composites hydrogen peroxide chemical digestion volume fraction fiber volume
Polypropylene is a versatile plastic used in many places in our life. Learn about this plastic and the myriad of uses.
Prepregs are pre-impregnated fiber reinforcements or cloths that are used to manufacture composites. Learn the basics of prepregs here.
PVC plastics are the third most commonly used types of plastic polymers used. Learn about the properties of PVC polyvinyl chloride plastics.
Fiberglass reinforced polymers are the original composite materials. They remain the back-bone of the composites industry. Learn about glass fiber and what products are made with this composite.
Learn about carbon fiber cloth. Discover the terms used in carbon fiber manufacturing such as, 3k plain weave carbon, and 282 carbon fiber.
Learn about the features and benefits of composite material.
Learn about the plastics we used day in and day out. What are the most common types of plastics we use.
Not all plastics are equal, especial when used in children's toys. Learn about the uses of the various plastics and chemicals in toys.
Basic techniques for vacuum bagging laminates, from your About.com Guide
Carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP composites) are lightweight yet strong materials. Learn what make these space age materials so useful and desirable.
Polyester gel coats are composed of materials which allow for the manufacturing of high quality composite products. Learn what materials are used in gel coats, and why.
The material of choice for aerospace is carbon fiber. Learn about the composites that are dominating the future of aerospace.
FRP composites have unique mechanical properties which provide benefits. Learn about the properties of fiber reinforced polymers.
The uses and importance of plastic materials in our everyday lives is incredible. Most of use touch a form of plastic at any given time, on any given day.
The extent to which the sensitivity of a material to fracture is increased by the presence of a surface inhomogeneity such as a notch, a sudden change in section, a crack, or a scratch.
Plastics are everywhere, but what are plastics? Learn the basics of this polymer material that has taken over our life.
Polyethylene Terephthalate, better known as PET, is perhaps the most common and widely used plastic today. Learn about this durable plastic known as PET.
Teflon, a Trademark of DuPont, is a PTFE plastic polymer with many uses. Although it is used in composites, Teflon is most commonly known for cooking pans.
Definition of terms used to describe engineering fabrics.
As the trend for larger wind turbine blades continues, new materials and manufacturing technology will be required to meet this demand.
Abbreviation for parts per hundred parts of resin.
Carbon fiber tubes are extremely strong and stiff, yet very lightweight. Discover how they are manufactured and their applications.
Composite materials and carbon fiber make the Dreamliner the most advanced passenger plane to date.
: FRP (fiber reinforced polymer) is an acronym commonly used in the composite industry and it referees
PBT plastics are a versatile engineered plastic polymer with uses in a wide variety of application and industries. Learn more about PBT plastics.
Compression molding is an extremely efficient method of mass producing plastic and composite products. Learn more about compression molding.
Expanded polystyrene, commonly known as EPS, is a lightweight foam with extremely good mechinical
Gel coat application is a science. Learn the proper methods to apply gel coat in composite manufacturing.
Carbon fiber is an amazing material. Learn the history of carbon fiber, and understand why this composite material is stronger then steel.
Carbon fiber, the lightweight and strong material used in composites. Page 2.
Some form of composites have been used in boats since man first ventured into the sea. But modern FRP composite materials in boats is still relatively new.
Open molding is a low cost and effective way to manufacture composites. Learn about the two most common methods of open molding, hand lay-up and spray-up.
Composite materials are commonly used because their properties create significant advantages in the products that are manufactured from them.
High temperature thermoplastics are gaining popularity due to their increase toughness and durability.
Using resin infusion to manufacture composites is not difficult. Learn about the basic components that will be needed to convert to the vacuum infusion process.
Closed mold manufacturing, for more efficient composite manufacturing. Learn the three common types of closed molding, and their advantages.
Fiber Reinforced Polymer(FRP Composites) is an extremely useful material used in a wide range of industries and applications. Learn which industries are using FRP composites
Carbon nanotube have promise for breakthrough applications. But, what are carbon nanotubes, or CNTs for short?
Aramid fiber is one of the most useful fibers used in textiles and fiber reinforced composites. The properties of aramid fibers are amazing.
A chemical substance capable of reacting with both the reinforcement and the resin matrix of a composite material.
Aramid fibers are a lightweight high strength reinforcement used in fiber reinforced composite applications. Learn more about aramid fibers here.
Laminating resins are the foundation of composite material manufacturing. Learn about the various components that make laminating resins unique.
Polyurethane foam is widely used as a core material in composites, but it is also used in a wide range of other applications due to the versatile properties.
Filament winding is a unique composite manufacturing process. Learn about the filament winding process, common products made, and the key advantages.
How fiberglass insulation works, from your About.com Guide
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Definition of
A number which expresses the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Injection molding is one of the most low cost manufacturing methods of plastic. Understand the other benefits and history of injection molding.
Carbon fiber composites are the material of choice for hockey. Learn why this sport is turning to advanced composite materials.
Composite decks are mainstream, and for good reason. Learn about the basics of composites decking.
At a certain temperature, FRP composites will soften and lose their structure. This point is called the Glass Transition Temperature, or Tg.
If one wants to be the best in sports, then chances are they need to use carbon fiber. Be it in the sole of running shoes or used in the shaft of an arrow, carbon fiber dominates the sporting goods world.
The rate at which heat is transferred by conduction through a unit cross-sectional area of material when a temperature gradient exists perpendicular to the area.
Material properties of AS4/3501-6 carbon epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
The new 787 Dreamliner will be the most advanced commercial airplane ever, and it is composite materials that make it possible. Learn why.
A frequency-dependent viscosity function determined during forced harmonic oscillation of shear stress.
How to sand composites. Learn the correct methods and what the proper materials are to be used when sanding composites.
Material properties of generic E-glass epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
Blow molding is a process used in making hollow plastic parts. There are three main types of blow molding: injection, stretch and extrusion.
FRP composites receive their strength from the reinforcement. These reinforcements can vary by material (carbon fiber / fiberglass) or vary by style (woven / stitched).
Developed for defense applications, carbon fiber composites are being used in a wide range of applications.
Recycling of composite materials is a new and growing segment of the composites industry, which is needed for and end of life solution.
PBT plastic is a useful and common polymer commonly used in children's toys.
(1) The ratio of the thickness of uncured, prepreg materials to their thickness when fully cured.
Material properties of T300/5208 carbon epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
Fiber reinforced concrete is used day in and out, it is even used on the stucco on our walls. Learn why concrete is being reinforced with composite materials.
The greatest stress which a material is capable of sustaining without deviation from proportionality of stress and strain (Hooke's Law) or the point on the stress-strain curve at which stress ceases to be proportional to strain.
Fire resistant polymers are used to keep us safe in transportation and buildings.
The quantity of heat necessary to produce a unit change of temperature in a unit mass of a substance.
Prepregs are used in composite manufacturing that requires precision, engineered accuracy, and cosmetic perfection.
A chemical reaction in which simple molecules (monomers) are added to each other to form long-chain molecules (polymers) without by-products.
Corrugated plastic is an inexpensive building that is incredibly useful. Learn more about corrugated plastic.
Core materials are used in composites to provide strength and stiffness without adding much additional weight. Learn about the most common composite core materials.
Section 1.2 of MIL-HDBK-23A, basic design principles of structural sandwich composites..
Vacuum forming is an excellent method of manufacturing and molding plastic. Chances are you use something that is vacuum formed daily.
The carbon fiber weave is great looking, and provides value and appeal. But, not all carbon fiber is the real thing.
Learn how plastic polymers can be reused and transformed into new products.
Once high tech, and now common, carbon fiber plate is readily available for use in many applications. Learn about how carbon fiber plate is made.
An overview of the environmental, health and safety (ES&H) issues associated with composites and plastics.
These equations are useful for the prediction of the ply properties of composite materials.
The pultrusion process is a method of manufacturing low cost fiber reinforced composites. Learn about pultrusion and the benefits.
The plastic extrusion process creates products that we use daily. Learn more about extrusion of plastics.
Discover how composites are used in various industries, and how to become a part of the lightweight material movement. Learn about investing, starting, or running a composites company.
An additive which reduces the surface tension of a solution or emulsion, thus inhibiting or modifying the formation of a foam.
Goodyear Patents Devulcanizing Process, from your About.com Guide
Pultrusion is the manufacturing method of choice of a number of industries. Understand why pultruded parts dominate various products.
A polymer in which the molecules form long chains without branches or cross-linked structures.
Learn about the software used in composites, when designing products or creating a visual prototype on a computer.
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) is one of the commonly used plastics. It's wide acceptance in delivering clean drinking water, and removing dirty drinking water has made PVC plastic a useful polymer.
Fiberglass is the material of choice in bathtubs and spas, and for good reason.
Entropy Resins is a manufacturer of bio-based epoxy resins that are truly environmentally friendly. Learn more about their products and company with a question and answer session with their founders.
Fiber reinforced composites are common, but do you know how to select the different types of fiber and resin used?
Vinyl ester barrier coats are used to back up a gel coat and are used to improve properties and increase cosmetic appearance. Learn about VE barrier coats and their application.
Composites make UAVs possible. Learn what lightweight composite materials are used in Unmanned Areal Vehicles.
Carbon fiber is an extremely strong yet very lightweight reinforcing fiber used in composite products. It is often used in high-end sporting goods, aerospace, and military applications.
Composites are the material of choice in modern transportation due to their lightweight and high-strength properties.
Structural fibers like carbon fiber are manufactured into cloths and fabrics that are then used in composite manufacturing.
The volume of a solid material excluding the volume of pores and voids.
A family of reinforcing materials for reinforced plastics based on single filaments of glass ranging in diameter from 3 to 19 micrometers.
The ratio of the power loss in a dielectric material to the total power transmitted through the dielectric, the imperfection of the dielectric.
A method of determining the tensile strength of concrete using a cylinder which splits across the vertical diameter.
Introduction to the Composite Materials Glossary.
Database of composite material properties.: composite materials properties material properties database carbon graphite database material content database
Because of the way it is manufactured, honeycomb has one direction which is stronger and stiffer.
The three books every composites engineer needs.: library reference books asm intl new composites asm international undergraduate textbook
Effect of statistical distributions on composite material strength.
(1) A measure of the degree of stretching during the orientation of a fiber or filament, expressed as the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the undrawn material to that of the drawn material.
The shear strain induced from normal stress which is unique to anisotropic materials.
There are several types of hybrid composites characterized as: (1) interply or tow-by-tow, in which tows of the two or more constituent types of fiber are mixed in a regular or random manner; (2) sandwich hybrids, also known as core-shell, in which one material is sandwiched between two layers of another; (3) interply or laminated, where alternate layers of the two (or more) materials are stacked in a regular manner; (4) intimately mixed hybrids, where the constituent fibers are made to mix as randomly as possible so that no over-concentration of any one type is present in the material; (5) other kinds, such as those reinforced with ribs, pultruded wires, thin veils of fiber or combinations of the above.
(1) The amount of water absorbed by a composite material when immersed in water for a stipulated period of time.
Gel coat application is no easy task. The many variables that can effect a gel coat make the process extremely difficult.
Smooth metal plates, free of surface defects and of the same size and shape as a composite lay-up, used in contact with the lay-up during the curing process to transmit normal pressure and provide a smooth surface on the finished laminate.
Honeycomb core material is commonly used in composites. It's lightweight and high stiffness offers unique properties desirable in many composite applications.
Bio-based composites use raw materials derived from plant sources. It is a growing movement in composites and plastics.
A type of fluid movement in which all particles of the fluid, flow in a straight line parallel to the axis of a containing pipe or channel with little or no mixing or turbidity.
(1) A number calculated from dilute solution viscosity measurements of a polymer, used to denote degree of polymerization or molecular size.
Thermoplastic resin reinforced with fiber are on the rise as high performance applications require unique the properties of thermoplastics.
The 105th Annual Meeting and Exposition of the American Ceramic Society covered a wide range of topics. As part of the symposium on ceramic matrix composites, a special session on geopolymer composites was held. First developed in France several decades ago, geopolymers are being investigated as an alternative to organic matrices.
LTRM is the abbreviation for the composite manufacturing process known as Light Resin Transfer Molding.
A term applied to any polymer or resin with low thermal conductivity which pyrolyzes layer-by-layer when its surface is heated, leaving a heat-resisting layer of charred material which eventually breaks away to expose virgin material.
In manufacturing composites, raw material price increases are a common part. Learn what effects the price of resin and reinforcement.
Career options in the composites industry, from your About.com Guide
Composites Short Course This presentation covers the basics of classical laminated plate theory as applied
Converting composite fabric weights to the same unit of measurement is important when comparing two materials. Learn the conversion of grams per square meter to ounces per square yard.
Section 1.3 of MIL-HDBK-23A, fundemantal stiffness formuals for structural sandwich composites.