Composites/Plastics: Most Popular Articles
What is polypropylene? The versatile plastic polypropylene is used throughout our daily life, and has become a common piece for packaging and plastic products.
Thermoset vs thermoplastic composites, what is the difference? Both have advantages and there is demand for both thermoplastic and thermoset composites.
What is a polymer. Discover the basics of polymers and what makes them so useful See examples of polymers and their common uses.
When two materials are combined to make a stronger material, a composite is made. Learn what makes composite materials unique, strong, and lightweight.
Carbon fiber is a lightweight fiber used in advanced composites. Learn about what makes this material so unique and important.
Epoxy resins are advanced thermosetting resins used in FRP composites. Learn the basics of this resin, the chemistry, and the uses of epoxy.
Both resins have distinct advantages over the other. Find out the differences between vinyl ester and polyester resins.
Fiberglass is a strong and lightweight reinforcement used in composites. Learn about the history of fiberglass and how it is manufactured.
There are numerous examples of composites, many of which can be seen around the house. Learn about what every day products are manufactured with FRP composites.
The composite surfboard combines advanced materials to make the ultimate board. Learn about the key materials of a composite surfboard, and the future of board design.
Discover how to carbon fiber, the guide for learning the various aspects of carbon fiber composites and how to work with the lightweight composite material know as carbon fiber.
We touch plastic polymers all day long, but chances are you are touching one of these five most common plastics.
Carbon fiber is used because of it's high strength and light weight properties. Learn which industries have adopted this unique material.
Carbon fiber, perhaps the most useful material of out time, is manufactured through precise processes. Lear how carbon fiber is made.
Carbon fiber has properties that make it desirable in many applications. Learn about what products have adopted this lightweight and durable material.
Plastic recycling can reduce the consumption of other natural resources like timber, due to its use in making composite lumber and many other products.
Polyester and vinyl ester resins are the two most common resins used in FRP composites. Learn why these resins work so well.
PVC plastics are the third most commonly used types of plastic polymers used. Learn about the properties of PVC polyvinyl chloride plastics.
Fiberglass reinforced polymers are the original composite materials. They remain the back-bone of the composites industry. Learn about glass fiber and what products are made with this composite.
Learn about the various companies around the world that manufacture raw carbon fiber used in lightweight composite products.
What are PET plastics? Learn about the plastic used in water and soda bottles, and how PET plastic is recycled.
What is the history of composite materials? Find out when the first composite was used, and how composites have changed through the years.
Polypropylene is a versatile plastic used in many places in our life. Learn about this plastic and the myriad of uses.
Prepregs are pre-impregnated fiber reinforcements or cloths that are used to manufacture composites. Learn the basics of prepregs here.
The volume of fiber in a cured composite.: glass fiber composites hydrogen peroxide chemical digestion volume fraction fiber volume
Neil Armstrong announced the 20 top engineering achievements of the 20th Century at a National Academvy of Engineering NAE meeting
Introduction to Kevlar fibers and their properties.
A brief description and definition of composite materials.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP composites) are lightweight yet strong materials. Learn what make these space age materials so useful and desirable.
The uses and importance of plastic materials in our everyday lives is incredible. Most of use touch a form of plastic at any given time, on any given day.
Learn about the plastics we used day in and day out. What are the most common types of plastics we use.
The line joining the centroid of each cross section along the length of an axial member such as truss diagonal.
Not all plastics are equal, especial when used in children's toys. Learn about the uses of the various plastics and chemicals in toys.
How to paint composites and fiberglass. Learn the steps in prepping and finishing a composite material with paint.
The extent to which the sensitivity of a material to fracture is increased by the presence of a surface inhomogeneity such as a notch, a sudden change in section, a crack, or a scratch.
Composite materials and carbon fiber make the Dreamliner the most advanced passenger plane to date.
The rate at which heat is transferred by conduction through a unit cross-sectional area of material when a temperature gradient exists perpendicular to the area.
Learn about carbon fiber cloth. Discover the terms used in carbon fiber manufacturing such as, 3k plain weave carbon, and 282 carbon fiber.
Polyethylene Terephthalate, better known as PET, is perhaps the most common and widely used plastic today. Learn about this durable plastic known as PET.
Basic techniques for vacuum bagging laminates, from your About.com Guide
High temperature thermoplastics are gaining popularity due to their increase toughness and durability.
As the trend for larger wind turbine blades continues, new materials and manufacturing technology will be required to meet this demand.
Learn about the features and benefits of composite material.
Abbreviation for parts per hundred parts of resin.
Plastics are everywhere, but what are plastics? Learn the basics of this polymer material that has taken over our life.
Compression molding is an extremely efficient method of mass producing plastic and composite products. Learn more about compression molding.
Composite materials are commonly used because their properties create significant advantages in the products that are manufactured from them.
FRP composites have unique mechanical properties which provide benefits. Learn about the properties of fiber reinforced polymers.
Aramid fiber is one of the most useful fibers used in textiles and fiber reinforced composites. The properties of aramid fibers are amazing.
Gel coat application is a science. Learn the proper methods to apply gel coat in composite manufacturing.
Carbon fiber, the lightweight and strong material used in composites. Page 2.
The material of choice for aerospace is carbon fiber. Learn about the composites that are dominating the future of aerospace.
Injection molding is one of the most low cost manufacturing methods of plastic. Understand the other benefits and history of injection molding.
Definition of terms used to describe engineering fabrics.
The new 787 Dreamliner will be the most advanced commercial airplane ever, and it is composite materials that make it possible. Learn why.
Expanded polystyrene, commonly known as EPS, is a lightweight foam with extremely good mechinical
: FRP (fiber reinforced polymer) is an acronym commonly used in the composite industry and it referees
Carbon nanotube have promise for breakthrough applications. But, what are carbon nanotubes, or CNTs for short?
Some form of composites have been used in boats since man first ventured into the sea. But modern FRP composite materials in boats is still relatively new.
Carbon fiber is an amazing material. Learn the history of carbon fiber, and understand why this composite material is stronger then steel.
Open molding is a low cost and effective way to manufacture composites. Learn about the two most common methods of open molding, hand lay-up and spray-up.
Laminating resins are the foundation of composite material manufacturing. Learn about the various components that make laminating resins unique.
PBT plastics are a versatile engineered plastic polymer with uses in a wide variety of application and industries. Learn more about PBT plastics.
Material properties of T300/5208 carbon epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
If one wants to be the best in sports, then chances are they need to use carbon fiber. Be it in the sole of running shoes or used in the shaft of an arrow, carbon fiber dominates the sporting goods world.
Carbon fiber tubes are extremely strong and stiff, yet very lightweight. Discover how they are manufactured and their applications.
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A number which expresses the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Composites make UAVs possible. Learn what lightweight composite materials are used in Unmanned Areal Vehicles.
Fiber Reinforced Polymer(FRP Composites) is an extremely useful material used in a wide range of industries and applications. Learn which industries are using FRP composites
Blow molding is a process used in making hollow plastic parts. There are three main types of blow molding: injection, stretch and extrusion.
Polyurethane foam is widely used as a core material in composites, but it is also used in a wide range of other applications due to the versatile properties.
A polymer in which the molecules form long chains without branches or cross-linked structures.
At a certain temperature, FRP composites will soften and lose their structure. This point is called the Glass Transition Temperature, or Tg.
How fiberglass insulation works, from your About.com Guide
A chemical substance capable of reacting with both the reinforcement and the resin matrix of a composite material.
Corrugated plastic is an inexpensive building that is incredibly useful. Learn more about corrugated plastic.
Learn how plastic polymers can be reused and transformed into new products.
Teflon, a Trademark of DuPont, is a PTFE plastic polymer with many uses. Although it is used in composites, Teflon is most commonly known for cooking pans.
Using resin infusion to manufacture composites is not difficult. Learn about the basic components that will be needed to convert to the vacuum infusion process.
The greatest stress which a material is capable of sustaining without deviation from proportionality of stress and strain (Hooke's Law) or the point on the stress-strain curve at which stress ceases to be proportional to strain.
Composite decks are mainstream, and for good reason. Learn about the basics of composites decking.
Filament winding is a unique composite manufacturing process. Learn about the filament winding process, common products made, and the key advantages.
Carbon fiber composites are the material of choice for hockey. Learn why this sport is turning to advanced composite materials.
Closed mold manufacturing, for more efficient composite manufacturing. Learn the three common types of closed molding, and their advantages.
Material properties of AS4/3501-6 carbon epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
Smooth metal plates, free of surface defects and of the same size and shape as a composite lay-up, used in contact with the lay-up during the curing process to transmit normal pressure and provide a smooth surface on the finished laminate.
Recycling of composite materials is a new and growing segment of the composites industry, which is needed for and end of life solution.
Fire resistant polymers are used to keep us safe in transportation and buildings.
Vacuum forming is an excellent method of manufacturing and molding plastic. Chances are you use something that is vacuum formed daily.
There are several types of hybrid composites characterized as: (1) interply or tow-by-tow, in which tows of the two or more constituent types of fiber are mixed in a regular or random manner; (2) sandwich hybrids, also known as core-shell, in which one material is sandwiched between two layers of another; (3) interply or laminated, where alternate layers of the two (or more) materials are stacked in a regular manner; (4) intimately mixed hybrids, where the constituent fibers are made to mix as randomly as possible so that no over-concentration of any one type is present in the material; (5) other kinds, such as those reinforced with ribs, pultruded wires, thin veils of fiber or combinations of the above.
Prepregs are used in composite manufacturing that requires precision, engineered accuracy, and cosmetic perfection.
(1) The amount of water absorbed by a composite material when immersed in water for a stipulated period of time.
These equations are useful for the prediction of the ply properties of composite materials.
There are many different prepreg types to select from. Decide what type of resin and fiber to use in your prepreg composite.
Goodyear Patents Devulcanizing Process, from your About.com Guide
(1) A measure of the degree of stretching during the orientation of a fiber or filament, expressed as the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the undrawn material to that of the drawn material.
Aramid fibers are a lightweight high strength reinforcement used in fiber reinforced composite applications. Learn more about aramid fibers here.
The carbon fiber weave is great looking, and provides value and appeal. But, not all carbon fiber is the real thing.
A chemical reaction in which simple molecules (monomers) are added to each other to form long-chain molecules (polymers) without by-products.
Discover how composites are used in various industries, and how to become a part of the lightweight material movement. Learn about investing, starting, or running a composites company.
Developed for defense applications, carbon fiber composites are being used in a wide range of applications.
Pultrusion is the manufacturing method of choice of a number of industries. Understand why pultruded parts dominate various products.
The 105th Annual Meeting and Exposition of the American Ceramic Society covered a wide range of topics. As part of the symposium on ceramic matrix composites, a special session on geopolymer composites was held. First developed in France several decades ago, geopolymers are being investigated as an alternative to organic matrices.
Core materials are used in composites to provide strength and stiffness without adding much additional weight. Learn about the most common composite core materials.
How to sand composites. Learn the correct methods and what the proper materials are to be used when sanding composites.
Fiberglass is the material of choice in bathtubs and spas, and for good reason.
The plastic extrusion process creates products that we use daily. Learn more about extrusion of plastics.
Learn about the software used in composites, when designing products or creating a visual prototype on a computer.
The pultrusion process is a method of manufacturing low cost fiber reinforced composites. Learn about pultrusion and the benefits.
Database of composite material properties.: composite materials properties material properties database carbon graphite database material content database
Polyester gel coats are composed of materials which allow for the manufacturing of high quality composite products. Learn what materials are used in gel coats, and why.
Composites are the material of choice in modern transportation due to their lightweight and high-strength properties.
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Thermoplastic resin reinforced with fiber are on the rise as high performance applications require unique the properties of thermoplastics.
Structural fibers like carbon fiber are manufactured into cloths and fabrics that are then used in composite manufacturing.
Entropy Resins is a manufacturer of bio-based epoxy resins that are truly environmentally friendly. Learn more about their products and company with a question and answer session with their founders.
Converting composite fabric weights to the same unit of measurement is important when comparing two materials. Learn the conversion of grams per square meter to ounces per square yard.
Information about the role of composites in the F-117A crash, from your About.com Guide
The hardness of an FRP composite is an important characteristic of the laminate, measured by a device called an Impressor.
Growth Expected in Composite Pickup Truck Beds, from your About.com Guide
Material properties of generic E-glass epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
The quantity of heat necessary to produce a unit change of temperature in a unit mass of a substance.
Composite materials are the backbone of space travel. Learn about composites in space.
A method of determining the tensile strength of concrete using a cylinder which splits across the vertical diameter.
In manufacturing composites, raw material price increases are a common part. Learn what effects the price of resin and reinforcement.
FRP composites receive their strength from the reinforcement. These reinforcements can vary by material (carbon fiber / fiberglass) or vary by style (woven / stitched).
Unclean, impure, or contaminated air.: pollution air air pollution contamination decay corruption
Bio-based plastics are becoming more popular, and are considered sustainable products.
Two fluids in contact exhibit phenomena, due to molecular attractions, which appear to arise from a tension in the surface of separation.
A frequency-dependent viscosity function determined during forced harmonic oscillation of shear stress.
As applied to a beam or slab, it is the distance of the centroid of the reinforcement from the compression face of the concrete.
The best drill bits for drilling graphite, from your About.com Guide
The normal stress at the beginning of fracture.: fracture strength cross sectional area tension test specimen stress
A relationship that can be used for analyzing the balance of energy applied and released in bond breakage as a crack propagates.
Index of material properties for carbon and graphite composite materials.
Search the MatWeb Database for material properties, from your About.com Guide
Health and safety issues when dealing with composites, from your About.com Guide
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) is one of the commonly used plastics. It's wide acceptance in delivering clean drinking water, and removing dirty drinking water has made PVC plastic a useful polymer.
Career options in the composites industry, from your About.com Guide
Section 1.2 of MIL-HDBK-23A, basic design principles of structural sandwich composites..
Fiber reinforced composites are common, but do you know how to select the different types of fiber and resin used?
Weight (mass) per unit area of a single ply of dry reinforcement fabric.
Composite materials continue to revolutionize military applications as their properties make for better equipment and armor.
Consists of an arbitrary number of layers of the same material and thickness but with alternating orientations of 0 degrees and 90 degrees.
A stress in which the force is constant or slowly increasing with time.
A term applied to any polymer or resin with low thermal conductivity which pyrolyzes layer-by-layer when its surface is heated, leaving a heat-resisting layer of charred material which eventually breaks away to expose virgin material.
: delft university of technology fiber metal laminate glass composites a380 jumbo jet technology delft
An additive which reduces the surface tension of a solution or emulsion, thus inhibiting or modifying the formation of a foam.
Gel coat application is no easy task. The many variables that can effect a gel coat make the process extremely difficult.