Composites/Plastics: Most Popular Articles
What is polypropylene? The versatile plastic polypropylene is used throughout our daily life, and has become a common piece for packaging and plastic products.
Thermoset vs thermoplastic composites, what is the difference? Both have advantages and there is demand for both thermoplastic and thermoset composites.
What is a polymer. Discover the basics of polymers and what makes them so useful See examples of polymers and their common uses.
Carbon fiber is a lightweight fiber used in advanced composites. Learn about what makes this material so unique and important.
When two materials are combined to make a stronger material, a composite is made. Learn what makes composite materials unique, strong, and lightweight.
Epoxy resins are advanced thermosetting resins used in FRP composites. Learn the basics of this resin, the chemistry, and the uses of epoxy.
There are numerous examples of composites, many of which can be seen around the house. Learn about what every day products are manufactured with FRP composites.
Plastic recycling can reduce the consumption of other natural resources like timber, due to its use in making composite lumber and many other products.
The composite surfboard combines advanced materials to make the ultimate board. Learn about the key materials of a composite surfboard, and the future of board design.
PVC plastics are the third most commonly used types of plastic polymers used. Learn about the properties of PVC polyvinyl chloride plastics.
Fiberglass is a strong and lightweight reinforcement used in composites. Learn about the history of fiberglass and how it is manufactured.
Carbon fiber has properties that make it desirable in many applications. Learn about what products have adopted this lightweight and durable material.
Carbon fiber is used because of it's high strength and light weight properties. Learn which industries have adopted this unique material.
Discover how to carbon fiber, the guide for learning the various aspects of carbon fiber composites and how to work with the lightweight composite material know as carbon fiber.
Learn about the various companies around the world that manufacture raw carbon fiber used in lightweight composite products.
We touch plastic polymers all day long, but chances are you are touching one of these five most common plastics.
Both resins have distinct advantages over the other. Find out the differences between vinyl ester and polyester resins.
Carbon fiber, perhaps the most useful material of out time, is manufactured through precise processes. Lear how carbon fiber is made.
Prepregs are pre-impregnated fiber reinforcements or cloths that are used to manufacture composites. Learn the basics of prepregs here.
What is the history of composite materials? Find out when the first composite was used, and how composites have changed through the years.
The extent to which the sensitivity of a material to fracture is increased by the presence of a surface inhomogeneity such as a notch, a sudden change in section, a crack, or a scratch.
A brief description and definition of composite materials.
The uses and importance of plastic materials in our everyday lives is incredible. Most of use touch a form of plastic at any given time, on any given day.
Fiberglass reinforced polymers are the original composite materials. They remain the back-bone of the composites industry. Learn about glass fiber and what products are made with this composite.
Polyester and vinyl ester resins are the two most common resins used in FRP composites. Learn why these resins work so well.
Polypropylene is a versatile plastic used in many places in our life. Learn about this plastic and the myriad of uses.
What are PET plastics? Learn about the plastic used in water and soda bottles, and how PET plastic is recycled.
Introduction to Kevlar fibers and their properties.
Neil Armstrong announced the 20 top engineering achievements of the 20th Century at a National Academvy of Engineering NAE meeting
Not all plastics are equal, especial when used in children's toys. Learn about the uses of the various plastics and chemicals in toys.
Recycling of composite materials is a new and growing segment of the composites industry, which is needed for and end of life solution.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP composites) are lightweight yet strong materials. Learn what make these space age materials so useful and desirable.
Learn about the plastics we used day in and day out. What are the most common types of plastics we use.
Compression molding is an extremely efficient method of mass producing plastic and composite products. Learn more about compression molding.
Abbreviation for parts per hundred parts of resin.
Definition of terms used to describe engineering fabrics.
Basic techniques for vacuum bagging laminates, from your About.com Guide
Learn about the features and benefits of composite material.
As the trend for larger wind turbine blades continues, new materials and manufacturing technology will be required to meet this demand.
The material of choice for aerospace is carbon fiber. Learn about the composites that are dominating the future of aerospace.
Learn about carbon fiber cloth. Discover the terms used in carbon fiber manufacturing such as, 3k plain weave carbon, and 282 carbon fiber.
The volume of fiber in a cured composite.: glass fiber composites hydrogen peroxide chemical digestion volume fraction fiber volume
Composite materials and carbon fiber make the Dreamliner the most advanced passenger plane to date.
FRP composites have unique mechanical properties which provide benefits. Learn about the properties of fiber reinforced polymers.
Plastics are everywhere, but what are plastics? Learn the basics of this polymer material that has taken over our life.
Expanded polystyrene, commonly known as EPS, is a lightweight foam with extremely good mechinical
Composite materials are commonly used because their properties create significant advantages in the products that are manufactured from them.
High temperature thermoplastics are gaining popularity due to their increase toughness and durability.
The rate at which heat is transferred by conduction through a unit cross-sectional area of material when a temperature gradient exists perpendicular to the area.
Polyethylene Terephthalate, better known as PET, is perhaps the most common and widely used plastic today. Learn about this durable plastic known as PET.
The change in length per unit length resulting from a one degree rise in temperature, expressed in degrees.
PBT plastics are a versatile engineered plastic polymer with uses in a wide variety of application and industries. Learn more about PBT plastics.
Polyurethane foam is widely used as a core material in composites, but it is also used in a wide range of other applications due to the versatile properties.
Some form of composites have been used in boats since man first ventured into the sea. But modern FRP composite materials in boats is still relatively new.
Material properties of T300/5208 carbon epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
Open molding is a low cost and effective way to manufacture composites. Learn about the two most common methods of open molding, hand lay-up and spray-up.
A chemical substance capable of reacting with both the reinforcement and the resin matrix of a composite material.
Carbon fiber is an amazing material. Learn the history of carbon fiber, and understand why this composite material is stronger then steel.
The new 787 Dreamliner will be the most advanced commercial airplane ever, and it is composite materials that make it possible. Learn why.
Aramid fiber is one of the most useful fibers used in textiles and fiber reinforced composites. The properties of aramid fibers are amazing.
Injection molding is one of the most low cost manufacturing methods of plastic. Understand the other benefits and history of injection molding.
If one wants to be the best in sports, then chances are they need to use carbon fiber. Be it in the sole of running shoes or used in the shaft of an arrow, carbon fiber dominates the sporting goods world.
Carbon nanotube have promise for breakthrough applications. But, what are carbon nanotubes, or CNTs for short?
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How to paint composites and fiberglass. Learn the steps in prepping and finishing a composite material with paint.
Carbon fiber tubes are extremely strong and stiff, yet very lightweight. Discover how they are manufactured and their applications.
A polymer in which the molecules form long chains without branches or cross-linked structures.
At a certain temperature, FRP composites will soften and lose their structure. This point is called the Glass Transition Temperature, or Tg.
: FRP (fiber reinforced polymer) is an acronym commonly used in the composite industry and it referees
Carbon fiber, the lightweight and strong material used in composites. Page 2.
Filament winding is a unique composite manufacturing process. Learn about the filament winding process, common products made, and the key advantages.
Fiber Reinforced Polymer(FRP Composites) is an extremely useful material used in a wide range of industries and applications. Learn which industries are using FRP composites
Composites make UAVs possible. Learn what lightweight composite materials are used in Unmanned Areal Vehicles.
Laminating resins are the foundation of composite material manufacturing. Learn about the various components that make laminating resins unique.
Teflon, a Trademark of DuPont, is a PTFE plastic polymer with many uses. Although it is used in composites, Teflon is most commonly known for cooking pans.
The plastic extrusion process creates products that we use daily. Learn more about extrusion of plastics.
A frequency-dependent viscosity function determined during forced harmonic oscillation of shear stress.
Gel coat application is a science. Learn the proper methods to apply gel coat in composite manufacturing.
Corrugated plastic is an inexpensive building that is incredibly useful. Learn more about corrugated plastic.
Elongation or shortening per unit length, caused by tensile or compressive stresses respectively.
Suggest a new word for the Composite Materials Glossary, or report an error in an existing definition.
Fire resistant polymers are used to keep us safe in transportation and buildings.
The ability of a material to resist the action of a high voltage electrical arc, usually stated in terms of the time required to render the material electrically conductive.
Using resin infusion to manufacture composites is not difficult. Learn about the basic components that will be needed to convert to the vacuum infusion process.
A method of determining the tensile strength of concrete using a cylinder which splits across the vertical diameter.
The ratio of the weight of a given volume of a substance to that of an equal volume of water at the same temperature, as determined by an apparatus which provides correction for the effects of air buoyancy.
How fiberglass insulation works, from your About.com Guide
There are many different prepreg types to select from. Decide what type of resin and fiber to use in your prepreg composite.
Developed for defense applications, carbon fiber composites are being used in a wide range of applications.
Material properties of AS4/3501-6 carbon epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
The pultrusion process is a method of manufacturing low cost fiber reinforced composites. Learn about pultrusion and the benefits.
Closed mold manufacturing, for more efficient composite manufacturing. Learn the three common types of closed molding, and their advantages.
Blow molding is a process used in making hollow plastic parts. There are three main types of blow molding: injection, stretch and extrusion.
A chemical reaction in which simple molecules (monomers) are added to each other to form long-chain molecules (polymers) without by-products.
(1) The amount of water absorbed by a composite material when immersed in water for a stipulated period of time.
Learn how plastic polymers can be reused and transformed into new products.
Index of material properties for carbon and graphite composite materials.
Polyester gel coats are composed of materials which allow for the manufacturing of high quality composite products. Learn what materials are used in gel coats, and why.
The carbon fiber weave is great looking, and provides value and appeal. But, not all carbon fiber is the real thing.
These equations are useful for the prediction of the ply properties of composite materials.
Fiber reinforced composites are common, but do you know how to select the different types of fiber and resin used?
Smooth metal plates, free of surface defects and of the same size and shape as a composite lay-up, used in contact with the lay-up during the curing process to transmit normal pressure and provide a smooth surface on the finished laminate.
(1) A measure of the degree of stretching during the orientation of a fiber or filament, expressed as the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the undrawn material to that of the drawn material.
Converting composite fabric weights to the same unit of measurement is important when comparing two materials. Learn the conversion of grams per square meter to ounces per square yard.
Carbon fiber is an extremely strong yet very lightweight reinforcing fiber used in composite products. It is often used in high-end sporting goods, aerospace, and military applications.
Now we have everything we need to relate applied moments and forces to strains and curvatures %Generate
FRP composites receive their strength from the reinforcement. These reinforcements can vary by material (carbon fiber / fiberglass) or vary by style (woven / stitched).
Discover how composites are used in various industries, and how to become a part of the lightweight material movement. Learn about investing, starting, or running a composites company.
A structure with extra internal load paths or external supports in excess of the minimum required for stability.
Unclean, impure, or contaminated air.: pollution air air pollution contamination decay corruption
Database of composite material properties.: composite materials properties material properties database carbon graphite database material content database
Section 1.2 of MIL-HDBK-23A, basic design principles of structural sandwich composites..
Notes for the composite materials properties database.
A number which expresses the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Vacuum forming is an excellent method of manufacturing and molding plastic. Chances are you use something that is vacuum formed daily.
Carbon fiber composites are the material of choice for hockey. Learn why this sport is turning to advanced composite materials.
Material properties of T300/934 carbon epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
Review of the Suppliers of Advanced Composite Materials Association (SACMA) Recommended Methods test manual.
The ratio of compressive deformation per unit length along the longitudinal axis.
Introduction to the Composite Materials Glossary.
An overview of the environmental, health and safety (ES&H) issues associated with composites and plastics.
As applied to a beam or slab, it is the distance of the centroid of the reinforcement from the compression face of the concrete.
The ratio of the weight of any volume of a substance to the weight of an equal volume of another substance taken as standard at a constant or stated temperature.
The 105th Annual Meeting and Exposition of the American Ceramic Society covered a wide range of topics. As part of the symposium on ceramic matrix composites, a special session on geopolymer composites was held. First developed in France several decades ago, geopolymers are being investigated as an alternative to organic matrices.
Pultrusion is the manufacturing method of choice of a number of industries. Understand why pultruded parts dominate various products.
The hardness of an FRP composite is an important characteristic of the laminate, measured by a device called an Impressor.
Prepregs are used in composite manufacturing that requires precision, engineered accuracy, and cosmetic perfection.
Weight (mass) per unit area of a single ply of dry reinforcement fabric.
How to sand composites. Learn the correct methods and what the proper materials are to be used when sanding composites.
Goodyear Patents Devulcanizing Process, from your About.com Guide
Used for determining slope and deflection of a beam in which the slope and deflection bear the same relation to the bending moment as the shear force and bending moment respectively do to the load.
Structural fibers like carbon fiber are manufactured into cloths and fabrics that are then used in composite manufacturing.
The compacting or squeezing out of air and volatiles between plies or prepreg laminates under moderate heat and vacuum to insure seating on the tool, to prevent wrinkles, and to promote adhesion.
Composite materials continue to revolutionize military applications as their properties make for better equipment and armor.
Composite materials are the backbone of space travel. Learn about composites in space.
Composites are the material of choice in modern transportation due to their lightweight and high-strength properties.
Composite decks are mainstream, and for good reason. Learn about the basics of composites decking.
A polymer whose monomer units are oriented alternately dextro and levo or a polymer structure in which monomer units attached to the polymer backbone alternate in a-b-a-b fashion on one side of the backbone and, if present on the other side, are arranged in a b-a-b-a fashion.
An open mold process in which components or successive plies of reinforcing material or resin-impregnated reinforcements are applied to the mold, and the composite is built up and worked by hand.
Aramid fibers are a lightweight high strength reinforcement used in fiber reinforced composite applications. Learn more about aramid fibers here.
The quantity of heat necessary to produce a unit change of temperature in a unit mass of a substance.
The line joining the centroid of each cross section along the length of an axial member such as truss diagonal.
A colloquial term used to describe a reinforced plastic mixture of dough-like consistency in an uncured or partially cured state.
Composite materials are saving lives and assets around the world, every day. The lightweight and strong properties of composites make them an ideal fit for armor applications.
A type of fluid movement in which all particles of the fluid, flow in a straight line parallel to the axis of a containing pipe or channel with little or no mixing or turbidity.
Core materials are used in composites to provide strength and stiffness without adding much additional weight. Learn about the most common composite core materials.
Thermoplastic resin reinforced with fiber are on the rise as high performance applications require unique the properties of thermoplastics.
Learn about the software used in composites, when designing products or creating a visual prototype on a computer.
Material properties of generic E-glass epoxy unidirectional prepreg.
Wet-out is a commonly used term to describe the resin impregnating a fiber reinforcement. Learn more about wet-out here.